Wednesday, August 24, 2016

Ankh-ma-hor’s Tomb: You Are There

Entrance to Ankmahor’s Tomb (Tomb of the Physician), Saqqara, Egypt, date: 2350 BCE, Photograph by Trudy Baker

Does your travel itinerary include a trip to Egypt to visit the Tomb of Ankh-ma-hor with its pictograph of reflexology? If not, here’s your chance to experience the Tomb through video footage. While brief, the segment from the History Channel’s series Ancient Aliens brings to life an ancient symbol of reflexology. The pictograph is the earliest known artifact of reflexology and, some would argue, one of the earliest of any type of medical practice

To stand in front of the Tomb with the program presenter and pass through its door is to walk with history. A brief view of the pictograph is included in the program and identified by the presenter as reflexology.

The pictograph and accompanying hieroglyphs have fascinated reflexologists since their discovery in 1980 by California reflexologist Ed Case. Ed and his wife Ellen were touring the Papyrus Museum in Cairo when the tour guide said, there’s something here you’ll be interested in. It was a papyrus rendering of the pictograph, a bas-relief carving found in the Tomb of the Physician, Ankh-ma-hor in Saqqara, Egypt dating from 2340 B. C. E.

Ancient Medicine, Extraterrestrial Contribution
The pictograph is presented here as an example of ancient medicine. The source of Ankh-ma-hor’s medical practices is brought into question as part of the premise of the program “Ancient Operations”: ancient medical practices were the result of information from visiting extraterrestrials.

Below is a transcript of the visit to the Tomb of Ankh-ma-hor.

The History Channel series Ancient Aliens 
“Ancient Operations: Questioning how humans learned to heal by exploring ancient possibilities involving the human body, breakthroughs in medicine and medical procedures”

“Are recent breakthroughs in medicine really the result of years of research or does the knowledge of healing come from an otherworldly source? “ ‘It would seem this is medical knowledge that’s coming from some advanced civilization of extraterrestrials.’ ”

“Saqqara, Egypt. Here across from this towering step pyramid lies the Physician’s Tomb also known as the Tomb of Ankh-ma-hor. According to archeologists it was built more than 4,000 years ago for one of the most important officials of the ancient Egyptian civilization.

“ ‘I’m taking you inside the Physician’s Tomb (says Robert Bauval, co-author of  Black Genesis) where you get a glimpse of how they performed complex medical and surgical operations in ancient times.

“ ‘What’s amazing about this tomb is that the physician Ankh-ma-hor lived four thousand three hundred years ago and he performed very complex surgical and medical operations. We can see here a circumcision 2,000 years before the Bible. 

“ ‘And here we see a scene of reflexology. We can see them muscling and flexing the muscles. Also here, an amazing operation, a surgical operation on the hands. It is even suggested that he may have had brain surgery removing tumors.”

“‘ But where did he get the knowledge from? Well, they say they got it from Thoth, the god of wisdom and science who brought to them all the knowledge from the gods.’ ”

It is speculated by David Wilcox, author of The Source Field Investigations, that “ ‘these technologies were brought in and were given to them (ancient Egyptians) as a complete package rather than something that developed out of a society that before then had been extremely primative. Egyptians themselves said that Thoth was responsible for this.’”

“But who or what was Thoth? Might he have been not a divine being but an alien visitor?”

For more information:

Ancient Egyptian Footwork: Reflexology therapy, beauty tool or relaxing foot rub?

Proof of Ancient Roots for Reflexology

Monday, August 15, 2016

Can Reflexology Help Those with Asthma?

Few things are scarier than having difficulty breathing, an experience familiar to those with asthma. Recent research using reflexology or foot massage from Iran shows help is at hand for those with asthma.
Previous research produced mixed results about the ability of reflexology to help those with asthma breath easier.
In a Danish study 30 individuals provided with reflexology once a week for ten weeks, results were reported: “The authors do not find that this investigation demonstrates that foot zone therapy is of effect on the disease bronchial asthma.” 
In a Chinese study positive results were reported. Following the daily application of foot reflexology for 40 to 50 minutes over a period of two to twelve weeks, all 45 patients with infantile bronchial asthma (ages 1 to 7) experienced a disappearance of symptoms. 
Iranian Reflexology Research
In a recent Iranian study, 45 individuals with asthma were assigned to one of three groups: control, reflexology or foot massage. “The interventions were performed for ten sessions; 3 times a week for 15 min on each foot by a massage therapist.” All study participants continued their usual asthma medications. Following the interventions significant differences were found in asthma symptoms between those in the control group and those in the reflexology and foot massage groups. 
“The scores of asthma control dimensions among the study groups”:
  • Waking up during night due to Asthma over the past week
    Control group:          Before 3.1±1.5     After 3.2±1.7 
    Reflexology group:   Before 3.1±1.6    After 1.5±0.9
    Foot massage group: Before 3±1.4       After 1.6±0.8
  • The severity of symptoms in the morning over the past week
    Control group:          Before 3.7±1.7     After 3.6±1.4 
    Reflexology group:   Before 3.8±1.5     After 2.3±1.4 
    Foot massage group: Before 3.7±1.5     After 2.2±1.5  
  • The level of activity limitation due to Asthma over the past week
    Control group:          Before 3.1±1.6      After 3±1.7  
    Reflexology group:   Before 3.2±1.4     After 1.4±0.8  
    Foot massage group: Before 3.1±1.9     After 1.2±0.9 
  • Breath shortness due to Asthma over the past week
    Control group:          Before 2.8±1.4      After 2.8±1.7  
    Reflexology group:   Before 2.9±1.3     After 1.2±07   
    Foot massage group: Before 2.9±1.4     After 1.3±0.8 
  • Wheezing due to asthma over the past week
    Control group:          Before 2.9±1.25    After 2.9±1.4  
    Reflexology group:   Before 3±1.4        After 1.6±1    
    Foot massage group: Before 3±.1.6       After 1.5±0.9 
  • The number inhales from short-acting bronchodilator over the past week 
    Control group:          Before 2.7±1.5      After 2.7±1.6   
    Reflexology group:   Before 2.8±1.6      After 1.7±0.5    
    Foot massage group: Before 2.9±1.7      After 1.6±0.7 
  • Asthma Control Totals
    Control group:          Before 2.9±0.8      After 3±1.2    
    Reflexology group:   Before 3±1.1         After 1.9±0.8     
    Foot massage group: Before 2.9±1.2      After 1.8±0.9 
Full article information also found at:

Dashti S1Shahmari MMirzaaghazadeh AMirzaaghazadeh M., “Effect of Foot Reflexology and Olive Oil Foot Massage on Asthma Control.” Glob J Health Sci. 2016 Apr 29;8(12):56086. doi: 10.5539/gjhs.v8n12p53. PMID: 27357875

Asthma and Reflexology 
Self-help reflexology technique
Research Methods=Research Influenced?
Methods are always an issue in research. With the above asthma studies, two issues come to mind: frequency of application and practitioner. The Chinese research saw positive results with daily application while the Danish study saw no results with weekly application. The Iranian study saw positive results with application three times a week.
An question is raised with the Iranian study due to the providing of both reflexology and foot massage interventions by a massage therapist. Both results were positive. Both were nearly identical. Would results be different if the reflexology interventions were provided by a reflexologist?

Tuesday, August 9, 2016

Design for movement

Design for movement: "At a basic level, architecture is like a shoe: a useful tool designed to protect the human body from harm caused by the natural elements.

"Yet over time, we can become over-reliant on its comfort, losing our dexterity and our ability to withstand even the slightest discomforts. So what is meant to help us may, in fact, hinder us by making things too easy, removing all physical challenges and other stressors that are essential for optimal health." Design for movement Lauren Friedrich, a 2016 graduate of Harvard's Graduate School of Design (GSD)

Thursday, June 30, 2016

Reflexology Makes Vaccination Day Happier for Infants

Nobody likes to see a little one cry but, when it’s time for vaccination shots, it’s inevitable. Things can be made better for baby. Reflexology applied before the inoculation reduced crying time and pain afterwards as shown by research.

Before the inoculations, researchers evaluated the pain levels of two groups of 1 to 12 month old infants using the Face, Legs, Activity, Cry, Consolability (FLACC) Pain Assessment Scale. Scores were similar for both babies in the group who would receive reflexology and those in the control group who would not. 

Reflexology was applied for 20 to 30 minutes before the inoculations with time depending on the size of the infant’s foot. After the vaccinations, a statistically significant difference was found between the pain scores of infants in the reflexology groups and those in the control group. 

The FLACC pain score was found to be 5.47 (± 2.11) in the reflexology group and 9.63 (± .85) in the control group. The infants in the reflexology group also had lower heart rates, higher oxygen saturation, and shorter crying periods than the infants in the control group.

To try this, gently press on the sole of your baby’s bare or socked foot. As described in Reflexology for Children, “The feet and hands ar natural candidates for playing with an infant. Saying ‘This little piggy went to market’ while pulling or squeezing toes is a staple activity to get an infant’s attention. A few presses here and there and some movements and you have a reflexology session that is an extension of a childhood game.”

Wednesday, June 29, 2016

Evidenced Based Reflexology Research: For Health Professionals and Researchers

Reflexology research makes it possible to create evidence-based predictions about reflexology and outcomes. Research shows that reflexology with its systematic patterns of pressure technique application creates specific changes in the body and its health. Evidence found in research provides answers about two issues: what results can be obtained through reflexology work and dosing, the amount of reflexology work needed to achieve a specific outcome. The major goal of this work is to assess reflexology research to determine (1) parameters for success (or failure) with reflexology technique application and (2) dosing information. Results from some 168 reflexology studies are reported here. The studies were selected because

Saturday, June 25, 2016

Vision Deficits” Reflex Area Work Linked to Visions Centers of the Brain

“Vision Deficits” Reflex Area Work Linked to Visions Centers of the Brain
by Barbara & Kevin Kunz

In an fMRI study by Hong Kong researchers, reflexology technique stimulation of the eye reflex area activated a region of the brain matching acupupoint stimulation of stroke patients with vision defects but not the visual part of the brain. The researchers worked under the hypothesis that the the corresponding (visual) cortex would be activated. (Tang M.Y., Li G., Chan C.C., Wong K.K.K., Li R. and Yang E.S., Vision Related Reflex Zone at the Feet: An fMRI Study, 11th Annual NeuroImage Meeting. 2005, 1431. (Publication No. : 102226)
Researchers applied reflexology technique to the eye reflex area of the left foot at bases of second and third toes of the left foot of ten healthy volunteers. They found that the visual cerebral cortex was not activated. Areas activated included: left frontal lobe (strongest activation), cerebellum, left insula, and temporal lobe. Reflex area stimulation was consistent with results from an fMRI study of acupuncture. When the eye acupoint was stimulated in stroke patients with vision deficits areas of the brain areas activated were the frontal lobe and insula. Another fMRI study of acupuncture showed that stimulation of the eye acupoint of healthy individuals activated the visual cortex.
Speculation about this result for reflexology work begins with the observation that the locations of the eye and ear reflex areas are anomalies among reflex areas. The foot and reflexology charts technique reflect the body, except for these two areas. Their location at the bases of the toes reflects a direct reflection of the tops of the shoulders reflex area. Reflexologists achieve results for eye-related problems when working this area. Strictly speaking, however, an eye reflex area exists in the toes themselves, matching other reflex areas as a direct reflection of the body. Charts by Anne Lett, British, reflexology educator and author, (Reflex Zone Therapy for Health Professionals, p. 143) show an eye reflex area on the tops of the second and third toes just below the nail. She also shows a visual cortex reflex area on the sole of the foot in the second and third toes at the distal joint. These match the eye reflex areas and visual centers of Hanne Marquardt (Reflexotherapy of the Feet, p.p. 44-45) If the fMRI study were conducted testing these areas would the visual cortex by activated?
The fMRI study showed activation of areas of the brain with reflexology work: Left frontal lobe (strongest activation) (movement planning, polysensory, premotor area, language related movement (writing)); Cerebellum (conducts impulses to cerebral cortex; posture, balance, and coordination of movements); Left insula (pain, emotion, homeostasis); Temporal lobe (bilateral superior gyrus, Brodmann’s Area 22) (sensory pathways, memory, auditory or language functions).
The strongest activation following reflexology technique application to the eye reflex area of the left foot was in the left frontal lobe. Researchers state that “This area may be related to the cross-modal transfer of the massage (reflexology) stimuli and the visual information as a part of the polysensory areas.” Other sources includes functions of the frontal lobe as: “Body's orientation in space” and “fine movements and strength of the arms, hands and fingers.” (http://www.neurosk-
Activation of the cerebellum occurred during two fMRI studies, reflexology work applied to the inner corner of the big toe and the eye reflex area. We have speculated about the role of the big toe in walking and the role of the cerebellum in coordinating such activites. We now an unsual response resulted from technique applied to the eye and ear reflex areas (bases of second thirrd and fourth toes) during our work with paralysis. Such work prompted movement of the fingers of the quadriplegic’s opposite hand as if playing a guitar. For the two paraplegics, such work prompted a spasming of the opposite foot. Over time, the spasming become movement into the position of dorsiflexion or plantarflexion. During dorsiflexion the foot ia flexed into a 90 ̊ ready for the heel strike phase of a foot step. Plantarflexion is a toe-point of the foot, the toe-off postion of a foot step. This observation has been repeated during one-time work with a variety of paralyzed individuals.)